Glaucoma occurs when the pressure inside of the eye increases to the point where it damages the sensitive optic nerves . There are a multitude of tests that we provide to evaluate the possibility of Glaucoma. Tests include the evaluation of the Nerve Fiber thickness around the optic nerve. Threshold Field tests are also very important in the ongoing evaluations needed to monitor the treatment program which most frequently includes the selection of the most appropriate eye medication.
Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition where high sugar levels start a series of events which end in damaged blood vessel walls. As such, the blood vessels begin to leak fluid or bleed, resulting in hemorrhages and swelling followed by the formation of yellow deposits known as exudates. Vision can be lost where some of these hemorrhages and exudative spots occur. We carefully examine the back of your eyes and provide you with the results and additionally offer these to other physicians for a multidisciplinary treatment program. The American Optometric Association recommends yearly eye examinations to check for bleeding spots in the eye.
Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye. This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens. When light enters the eye it is scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred. Ultimately, the best treatment is to remove the cataract lens and replace it with an implanted lens. This is referred to as cataract surgery. We work closely with specialized eye surgeons. We provide pre- and post-cataract surgery management.
Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the central part of the back has a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region. As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes. This breakdown is due to a lack of nutrients and oxygen needed for the extreme number of light sensitive nerve cells concentrated in the central vision area. For those who are predisposed due to family history it is important to have yearly examinations. Other big risk factors are smoking, sun damage and light colored eyes. We provide specialized tests to evaluate your personal risks. We can also provide health and nutritional counseling to reduce this risk. In advanced cases, we work closely with specialized retinal surgeons who may be needed to treat Macular Degeneration.
Keratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped. The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe. This distortion increases as the cornea bulges and thins. The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing the vision. Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with gas permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface. If contact lens treatment is not successful, a surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.
Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry Eye Syndrome occurs when the normal flow of tears over the eyes is interrupted, or the tear film is abnormal. In many cases, dry eye syndrome is a life long problem. You can relieve the symptoms, but not cure the original cause. Artificial tear lubricants or in some cases blocking the tear ducts will concentrate the limited tears that are available.